Harm Reduction Research - Introduction
Research on Harm Reduction has been actively conducting since 1980s, following worldwide spread of HIV, as innovative approaches to reducing the damage caused by highly addictive substances such as drugs.
The increased credibility of the study has led to the attention of harm management methods and policies in many areas, including drugs, alcohol, tobacco, sex, obesity and caffeine.
Depending on which harm needs to be reduced, the definition and approach of the reduction should be different, though studies are conducted based on the following two fundamentals.
Principles of Harm Reduction Research
The Necessity for Harm Reduction Reseach
Reducing harm is an approach that focuses on giving patients the right of choice.
It tries to understand how poverty, racism, social isolation, post-traumatic disability, gender discrimination,
and other social inequalities make people vulnerable which results in impact on people’s potential harmful behavior.
In addition, the reduction approach provides a holistic view for changing harm-related behavior patterns of individuals.
This paradigm is to acknowledge that patients are the main driver of change, and that they aim to stop unhealthy behavior,
while improving overall health by setting the direction of their lives.
Facts and Myth: Harm Reduction
Harm Reduction is a concept that goes against complete suspension of acts of harm, in that clashes with traditional treatment methods.
Harm Reduction preferably encourages acts of harm.
Harm Reduction has a "do as you please" mentality, while looking on the harmful behavior.
Harm Reduction is not contrary to a complete suspension of acts of harm, but includes a complete suspension as one of the various goals.
Harm Reduction neither encourages nor opposes certain actions. Harm Reduction focuses on supporting individual efforts to reduce the damage caused by harm-inducing action and to help them refrain from taking harmful actions.
Harm reduction neither condones nor criticizes any action. However, Harm Reduction evaluates the impact of the action and attempts to reduce the damage caused by the above actions and to undermine the harms that such actions pose to individuals, families and communities.